Ideas for the online tutorial

In this section we present tips for the online tutorial. First of all, these are general tips that could be useful for most subjects and tutorials, despite the sometimes very different application scenarios and goals of tutorials as well as the subject-specific features.

Most (classroom) tutorials are curricularly anchored in such a way that they accompany a lecture and/or exercise in smaller groups (usually max. 25 students), apply theoretical content in exercises and practical examples and practice approaches to the work and the respective solutions.

A special characteristic of tutorials is that they are conducted by students in higher semesters - it is therefore a learning format by students for students. This holds the chance that especially online discussion forums are used more than in other online teaching settings, since the inhibition threshold for asking questions and exchanging information is much lower for students in tutorials.

ATTENTION: Always keep an eye on the workload of your students and do not give too many materials and tasks to work on.

Students solve tasks in the tutorial and receive feedback

A central component of tutorials is that students regularly work on exercises - in many cases weekly exercise sheets - alone or in small groups, then discuss them in the tutorial and receive the corresponding (sample) solutions from the tutor. Depending on the subject and the tutorial, the concrete form of the exercises varies greatly or alternates within the tutorial: Often the exercises are pre-calculated by the tutor on the blackboard and the students compare the solutions with their own, often the students solve selected exercises on the blackboard or in small groups and sometimes the exercises are calculated together in the plenary session. It is important that the tutor can intervene (correct) in case of questions of understanding or mistakes and provide direct support in the difficult processes.

These methods are available for the online tutorial:


Ask the students to submit a commented solution to an exercise. In addition to the individual solution steps, students should briefly describe what they have done and why.


Students upload their solution as an image file or document to a post in the forum and describe their solution as well as any difficulties or questions they may have had. The fellow students and you as a tutor can comment on this solution and answer questions.

Teaching videos and screencasts

The students record a video in which they comment on their solution. This can be done as described above or, for example, with a smartphone that is securely attached to a well-lit piece of paper on which the solution is worked out while the student comments on their solution.

Web meeting with BigBlueButton

If necessary, a synchronous exchange via a web meeting can also be useful in the context of a tutorial. Tools that are then available are e.g. whiteboard, video/audio chat, screen sharing.

Tutor demonstrates how tasks are solved thinking out loud

In the tutorial, the tutor demonstrates how certain tasks are calculated, evidence is presented or problems are solved. As they develop and roll up the solution paths, they think aloud, i.e. they give insights into their thinking and decision-making processes and strategies.

Provide solutions

Upload a file of the written solution path: Pre-calculate tasks etc. in writing and explain each of your processing steps in detail and comprehensibly so that students can follow these steps. Make the written solution available as a file in Moodle.

Recording solutions

  • Make a recording: Demonstrate in it – much the same as to solving tasks on the blackboard - how you solve a problem for the exercise, e.g:
  • Build the solution successively on PowerPoint slides and comment on the solution while recording your exercise video.
  • Make a screencast in which you comment on the solution (e.g. photo/scan of your handwritten solution), how you proceeded with the solution. This works with Windows and also with the Mac.
  • If you have an iPad or other device with pen input capability, you can simulate a whiteboard writing and record a screencast. Alternatively, you can use your smartphone, tablet or webcam to record how you simulate writing on a well-lit piece of paper.

Instructions and tips on how to start making educational videos and screencasts can be found here.

Link to external material

Maybe there are already videos in which suitable tasks and exercises are solved? Link to them. We have listed hints where you can find suitable materials for your events here.

Enable questions and discussions in forums

A tutorial lives from the exchange with the students and the possibility to discuss the tasks and problems. Therefore, you should also ask your students questions in a forum in Moodle and at the same time offer the possibility to ask questions in the forum. Encourage your students to answer each other's questions.

Conduct a real-time web meeting

For tutorials synchronous exchange via a web meeting on BigBlueButton can also be necessary. On there, tools like whiteboards, video / audio chats and screen sharing are accessible.

Private channels of communication such as WhatsApp, Facebook Messenger, Google Hangouts, Skype, FaceTime or others are not recommended because of data privacy reasons.

Check learning success: Exercises and learning level tests

In most cases, weekly task sheets are discussed in the tutorial, for which (usually in advance) solutions should be submitted. There are also possibilities and methods in online teaching for this case:

Submit solutions on exercise sheets

To do this you can use the Task function in Moodle, which also allows you to set a deadline for submission of your work. Submissions can consist of one or more files and/or comments in a text box. Submitted work can be corrected and feedback added in Moodle, and even annotations directly into PDF submissions are possible. By the way, not only a typed solution is possible as a submission, but also a photo or scan of a handwritten solution.


An alternative is (self-)testing in Moodle. In the test activity, many different task types are available, some of which also allow automated assessment.

Further help and information about Moodle

Moodle demo courses

  • Demo Course Lecture

    In this course we have compiled typical contents and activities for a lecture:

    Demo Course Lecture

  • Demo Course Seminar

    Here you will find helpful activities in Moodle to support your seminar:

    Demo course Seminar

  • Demo Course Internship

    Typical situations of an internship can also be depicted well in Moodle:

    Demo Course Internship

Moodle self-study courses

  • Moodle Basics

    In this course you will learn the basic settings of Moodle and get tips for creating your Moodle course.

    Moodle basics for beginners

  • Online teaching as an alternative to classroom teaching

    In this course we have collected activities, content and tips for using Moodle in typical teaching formats.

    Moodle as an alternative to classroom teaching

  • Moodle course: Competence Centre eEducation

    In this course you will find information about the services offered by the Competence Centre eEducation in Medicine.

    Competence Centre eEducation

  • Moodle possibilities

    In this course you will find all the Moodle features listed once so that you can learn about their function before you use them.

    Moodle possibilities

Links and resources

  • E-Learning Portal: Moodle help & tips

    On the e-learning portal of the University of Ulm you will find many instructions on Moodle and other topics of online teaching (e.g. legal issues).

    E-Learning Portal

  • Moodle Docs

    On the official Moodle documentation you will find detailed descriptions of all the features and activities of Moodle.

    Moodle Docs

  • Moodle 2 - Tools for trainers

    Overview of Moodle activities and corresponding educational goals.

    Moodle 2 - Tools for trainers

  • Learn Moodle 3.7

    YouTube channel with English videos - German subtitles are also available.#

    Learn Moodle 3.7

Help & contact

Help and support in the departments

Contact the digitisation advisors in your department

They are in regular contact with ZLE and kiz and coordinate the online teaching offers.

For technical problems and questions please contact the Help Desk.

For didactic and organisational questions please contact the team of the ZLE.