Research interests


  • Pollination ecology of orchids
  • Floral scents
  • Sexual deception and floral isolation mechanisms
  • Chemical ecology in Neotropical plants

Scientific projects

Importance of floral scent in the pollination of Telipogon species

Sexually deceptive orchids have been documented in Asia, Australia, South Africa, South and Central America, and in Europe. However most of the researches have been performed in Europe and Australia, and there are only three confirmed cases of sexual deception in orchids from South America. It has been suggested that American orchids of the genus Telipogon may use pollination by sexual deception (van der Pijl and Dodson 1966, Christenson 1994, van der Cingel 2001, Gaskett 2011), but no conclusive evidence is available so far.

My Ph.D. thesis’ aims are to investigate the pollination ecology of Peruvian Telipogon species and the importance of floral scent in their pollination.  In order to answer the questions I am collecting floral scents and performing chemical and electrophysiological analyses. Thus, I intend to identify male attracting compounds. I also investigate if floral scents are involved in the floral isolation, avoiding interspecific-crossing among sympatric Telipogon species.



Martel C., B. Collantes & L. Egoavil. in press. Telipogon huancavelicanus sp. nov. (Orchidaceae) from Peru, and an updated description of T. deuterocuscoensis. Nordic Journal of Botany.

Cuervo M., D. Rakosy, C. Martel, S. Schluz & M. Ayasse. 2017. Sexual deception in the Eucera-pollinated Ophrys leochroma: a chemical Intermediate between wasp- and Andrena-pollinated species. Journal of Chemical Ecology 43: 469-479.

Peréz-Escobar O.A., L.K. Rodriguez & C. Martel. 2017. A new species of Telipogon (Oncidiinae; Orchidaceae) from the Paramos of Colombia. Phytotaxa 305: 262-268.

Valenta K., O. Nevo, C. Martel & C.A. Chapman. 2017. Plant attractants: Integrating insights from seed dispersal and pollination ecology. Evolutionary Ecology 31: 249-267.

Martel C., L. Cairampoma, F. Stauffer & M. Ayasse. 2016. Telipogon (Orchidaceae) flowers elicit pre-mating courtship behaviour in Eudejeania (Tachinidae) males to become pollinated. Plos ONE 11: e0165896.

Martel C., B. Collantes, A-L. Maire & L. Thoerle. 2016. Andinia wayqechensis (Orchidaceae), a new species from southern Peru. Phytotaxa.

Gonzalez-Terrazas T., C. Martel, P. Milet-Pinheiro, M. Ayasse, E. Kalko & M. Tschapka. 2016. Finding flowers in the dark: nectar-feeding bats integrate olfaction and echolocation while foraging for nectar. Royal Society Open Science 3: 160199.

Collantes B. & C. Martel. 2016. Notes and description amendment of Telipogon phuyupatamarcensis (Orchidaceae). Lankesteriana 16: 123-127.

Collantes B., Ochoa J.G., C. Martel & L. Thoerle. 2016. Lepanthes miraculum (Orchidaceae), a new addition to the Peruvian flora. Lankesteriana 16: 41-46.

Martel C. 2016. Nomenclatural changes in species of Telipogon (Orchidaceae) from Ecuador and Bolivia. Orquideología 32: 38-40.

Martel C. 2016. New records for two Peruvian endemic Telipogon (Orchidaceae) including an unexpected record of Telipogon ariasii. Revista Peruana de Biología 23: 43-46.

Martel C. & D. Trujillo. 2015. Taxonomical notes on Telipogon falcatus with comments on Hofmeisterella (Orchidaceae: Oncidiinae). Harvard Papers on Botany 20: 93-100.

Cairampoma L., C. Martel & R. Claßen-Bockhoff. 2015. (2370) Proposal to conserve the name Salvia cruikshanksii with that spelling (Lamiaceae). Taxon 64: 850-851.

Collantes B. & C. Martel. 2015. Telipogon koechlinorum (Orchidaceae), a new species from Machu Picchu, Peru. Brittonia 67: 113-117.

Martel C. 2014. An overview of Telipogon diversity at the Machu Picchu Historical Sanctuary. Orchids 83: 618-621.

Martel C., N. Rojas, M. Marín, R. Avilés, E. Neira & J. Santiago. 2014. Caesalpinia spinosa (Caesalpiniaceae) leaves: Anatomy, histochemistry and secondary metabolites. Brazilian Journal of Botany 37: 167-174.

Martel C. & W. Nauray. 2013. Notes and an emended description of Telipogon peruvianus (Orchidaceae: Oncidiinae). Candollea 68: 245-250.

Martel C., L. Noblick & F.W. Stauffer. 2013. A morphological character that support the cohesive unit of Butia species. Palms 57: 30-35.

Martel C. & L. Cairampoma. 2012. Cuantificación del carbono almacenado en formaciones vegetales amazónicas en "CICRA", Madre de Dios (Perú). Ecología Aplicada 11: 59-65.

Martel C. 2012. An additional note on the pollination of Rollinia mucosa (Jacq.) Baill., “la anona”, in the Southeast of Peru. Xilema 25: 88-93.

Cairampoma L. & C. Martel. 2012. Floral visitors in Salvia rhombifolia Ruiz & Pavon (Lamiaceae) in Lima, Peru: a bee-pollinated species. The Biologist (Lima) 10: 97-103.

Cairampoma L. & C. Martel. 2012. Notes on floral visitors in Seemannia sylvatica (Kunth) Hanstein (Gesneriaceae). Revista Peruana de Biología 19: 11-16.


  • Dipl. Biol. Carlos Martel
  • Institute of Evolutionary Ecology and Conservation Genomics
  • Ulm University
  • Albert-Einstein-Allee 11
  • D-89081 Ulm, Germany
  • Tel. +49 (0)731 50 22691
  • Fax +49 (0)731 50 22683
  • Office: M25 4113