Research interests

  • Behavioural ecology
  • Social behaviour
  • Movement ecology
  • Conservation genetics





Scientific projects

The extensive genetic polymorphism of the major histocompability complex (MHC) has been attributed to the co-evolutionary dynamics following host-pathogen interactions. This association is framed within the central role that MHC genes play in the vertebrate immune response, leading to the expectation that variability of allele combinations at the host level is driven by ongoing parasite pressure. Studying wild populations therefore provides insight to what extent MHC polymorphism predicts parasite susceptibility. However, research conducted on non-model organisms is often limited to “snapshot” sampling approaches. Whereas this allows the characterization of current patterns, the scope to discern the evolutionary mechanisms by which parasite selection mediates MHC variability is limited. My project involves revisiting the association between parasite burden and MHC variability in a population of mouse lemurs (Microcebus murinus) surveyed over a period of 15 years using high resolution genotype screening (next generation sequencing methodologies). The availability of a long-term data set will allow us to test the contribution of parasite burden on the patterns of variation in MHC allele frequencies in a target species from the vulnerable littoral forests of southeastern Madagascar. This is a joint project and is carried out in close collaboration with Prof. Jörg Ganzhorn/University of Hamburg, Germany.


Montero BK, Sagot M, Phillips CD, Baker RJ & Gillam EH (2018). Geographic variation of contact calls suggest distinct modes of vocal transmission in a leaf-roosting bat. Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology, 72(8), 125.

Montero K, Ramanamanjato J-B, Ernest R, Rakotondranary SJ, Ganzhorn JU, Sommer S. Challenges of NGS in conservation management: insights from long-term monitoring of corridor effects on the genetic diversity of mouse lemurs in a fragmented landscape. Evolutionary Applications, DOI: 10.1111/eva.1272.

Gillam EH, & Montero BK (2016). Influence of call structure on the jamming avoidance response of echolocating bats. Journal of Mammalogy, 97(1), 14–22. (doi:10.1093/jmammal/gyv147)

Montero BK, Gillam EH (2015) Behavioural strategies associated with using an ephemeral roosting resource in Spix’s disc-winged bat, Animal Behaviour, 108: 81-89 (

Gillam EH, Chaverri G, Montero K, Sagot M (2013) Social Calls Produced within and near the Roost in Two Species of Tent-Making Bats, Dermanura watsoni and Ectophylla alba. PloS ONE, 8(4), e61731.

Conference contributions

Montero K, Sagot M, Phillips C, Baker R, Gillam E (2014) Behavioural strategies and acoustic signalling involved in the highly cohesive social structure of a leaf roosting bat. 7th European Conference on Behavioural Biology. Prague, Czech Republic (Oral Presentation)

Montero K, Sagot M, Phillips C, Baker R, Gillam E (2014) Acoustic Variation And Microsatellite Population Structure In Spix’s Disc-Winged Bats. 15 th Meeting of the Texas Society of Mammologists, Texas, USA. (Oral Presentation)

Montero K, Gillam EH (2013) Group Movement Patterns and Acoustic Signalling in Spix’s Disc-Winged Bats. Joint Meeting of the 16 th International Bat Research Conference and the 43 rd North American Symposium on Bat Research, San Jose, Costa Rica. (Oral Presentation)

Montero K, Ralisata M, Sagot M, Racey P, Gillam E (2012) Acoustic Behavior at Roosts of Two Distantly Related Disc-Winged Bats. 42 nd North American Symposium on Bat Research, San Juan, Puerto Rico. (Oral Presentation)

Montero K, Gillam E (2011) Links Between Acoustic Communication and Group Stability in a Leaf Roosting Bat. 41 st North American Symposium on Bat Research, Toronto, Canada. (Oral Presentation)

Montero K, Gillam E (2011) Complex vocal repertoire in a leaf-roosting bat. Joint Meeting of the Animal Behavior Society and the Ethological International Conference, Indiana, USA (Poster Presentation)

Montero K, Chaverri G (2010) Entrance dynamics in a leaf-roosting bat. 15 th International Bat Research Conference, Prague, Czech Republic. (Oral Presentation)


    Dr. Karina Montero
    Institute of Evolutionary Ecology
    and Conservation Genomics
    University of Ulm
    Albert-Einstein-Allee 11
    89081 Ulm
    Tel: /
    Email: karina.montero()