The path to becoming a teacher

The school system in Baden-Württemberg is very diverse. A wide variety of educational opportunities and paths are available to different age groups. This requires teachers with specialized qualification profiles. Nevertheless, the path to becoming a teacher shows commonalities.

[Translate to English:] Icon Lehramtsbachelor

After acquiring the university entrance qualification (usually the Abitur), a teaching-related bachelor's degree with a school-specific profile is completed at one of the state universities or universities of teacher education. The program has a standard duration of study of 6 semesters and is geared towards one of the following school-specific profiles:

  • Elementary school teaching profession
  • Secondary level I
  • Teacher training for grammar schools
  • Teacher training in special education


[Translate to English:] Icon Lehramtsmaster

The Master's program builds on the teaching-related Bachelor's program and also has a school-specific profile. With the degree "Master of Education" after 4 semesters of standard study time, students can enter the preparatory service.


[Translate to English:] Icon Vorbereitungsdienst

The preparatory service for the chosen teaching profession, also known as the "Referendariat", is the final step and qualifies the student for the profession of teacher.



The Baden-Württemberg Ministry of Education, Youth and Sports provides detailed information about the individual teaching professions and future employment opportunities in the public school sector in Baden-Württemberg on the page career goal teachers.