The institute originates from 1978 when the research laboratory for experimental traumatology was founded at Ulm University. In 1988, we were able to move into a new building thanks to Prof. Dr. Caius Burri, the former director of the Clinic for Trauma Surgery, and the Caius-Burri-Foundation for Trauma Research and Patient Aid. Three years later, the lab was raised to a Chair of Trauma Research and Biomechanics as part of the Medical Faculty of Ulm University, with Prof. Dr. Lutz Claes as its first director. In 1998, the Caius-Burri-Foundation donated the building to the Ulm University Medical Centre. Prof. Dr. Anita Ignatius followed Professor Claes as the new chair and director after he retired in 2008.