Research interests

  • Microbial ecology
  • Microbiome
  • One health
  • Microbes at extremes of life
  • Microbial taxonomy and systematics

Scientific Projects

Microorganisms are known to play a vital role in maintaining the ecological balance by involving the chemical turnover processes. The virtue to microbes to respond and adapt to the constantly changing environment describes their ubiquity in the nature. Additionally, the altered environmental conditions drive the changes in the microbial community structure and composition which may lead to augmentation of the allochthonous microbial communities- having plausible detrimental impact on the environment and human health. Owing to this fact, we used changes in the microbial communities as a proxy to determine the impact of world’s largest human conglomeration on the environment and the public health. The analysis depicted loss of the resilient river bacterial communities with increase in the genes affiliated to the infectious diseases and drug resistance - posing potential risk to the public health.

To simplify- the anthropogenic activities lead to ecological disturbance and in-turn increase the risk to human health. Thus, its mitigation demands consideration under the “One Health” approach - recognizing the interconnection between human, animals, plants, and their shared environment (CDC).

As a part of IMPALA project (funded by the Baden-Württemberg-Stiftung), I am investigating how different land-use practices affects the microbiome at different trophic levels with primary focus on the transmission of antimicrobial resistance genes (ARGs). The metagenomic intervention followed by the mesocosm based validation would enable us to trace the core and accessory microbiota and, also to flow the trail of transmission (and/or enrichment) of ARGs along the different tropic levels.

Publications

Jani K, Srivastava V, Sharma P, Vir A & Sharma A (2021). Easy access to antibiotics; Spread of antimicrobial resistance and implementation of one health approach in India. Journal of Epidemiology and Global Health, 1-9.
(https://doi.org/10.1007/s44197-021-00008-2)

Jani K, Bandal J, Shouche Y, Shafi S, Azhar EI, Zumla A, & Sharma A (2021). Extended ecological restoration of bacterial communities in the Godavari River during the COVID-19 lockdown period: a spatiotemporal meta-analysis. Microbial ecology, 82(2), 365-376.
(https://doi.org/10.1007/s00248-021-01781-0)

Jani K, Khare K, Senik S, Karodi P, Vemuluri VR, Bandal J & Sharma A (2018). Corynebacterium godavarianum sp. nov., isolated from the Godavari river, India. International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology, 68(1), 241-247.
(https://doi.org/10.1099/ijsem.0.002491)

Jani K, Dhotre D, Bandal J, Shouche Y, Suryavanshi M, Rale V & Sharma A (2018). World’s largest mass bathing event influences the bacterial communities of Godavari, a holy river of India. Microbial ecology, 76(3), 706-718.
(https://doi.org/10.1007/s00248-018-1169-1)

Contact

  • Dr. Kunal Jani
  • Institute of Evolutionary Ecology
    and Conservation Genomics
    University of Ulm
    Albert-Einstein-Allee 11
    89081 Ulm
    Germany
  • Email: kunal.jani () uni-ulm.de
  •  

(https://twitter.com/kunaljaani)
(https://www.linkedin.com/in/kunaljaani)
(https://scholar.google.com/citations?user=3OkYLJ0AAAAJ)