OFDM Radar Network for High-Resolution Imaging

A novel radar network system that enables high-resolution radar imaging by combining a 4x4 OFDM radar with multichannel repeaters! This innovative network configuration presented by David Werbunat in T-MTT creates an extended aperture that provides detailed radar imaging - Without the cost and inflexibility drawbacks associated with large MIMO sensors! The success of the system is evident not only in systematic measurements, but also in automotive scenarios with multiple road users.

Paper: Multichannel Repeater for Coherent Radar Networks Enabling High-Resolution Radar Imaging

Full tensorial hologram synthesis method

In his new journal article, Thomas Frey presents a novel full tensorial synthesis method for holographic-based leaky wave antennas. In order to extract the impedance tensor of an arbitrarily shaped pixel geometry, an angular-dependent nonlinear system of equations is created and solved. A 3D-tensor database is created, resulting in a very accurate realization of the anisotropic impedance tensor. This leads to a significant improvement of the polarization purity and the antenna gain. Based on the full tensorial synthesis method, an anisotropic holographic-based leaky wave antenna prototype is realized on a fused silica wafer for an operation frequency of 160 GHz. The article appears in the IEEE Antennas and Wireless Propagation Letters and is now available in the Early Access.

Paper: A Full Tensorial Synthesis Method for Holographic-Based Leaky Wave Antennas

Argus Award 2023 for Elias Ruopp

We congratulate Elias Ruopp on receiving the first prize of the Argus Award 2023 for his outstanding bachelor thesis "Combining Compressed Sensing and Backprojection for UAV-based SAR".

MWT at ICEAA in Venice

This week we are at the International Conference on Electromagnetics in Advanced Applications in Venice. Our three paper presentations are on Wednesday October 11 in "Session 31: Micro- and mmWave Sensors in Advanced Applications".

European Microwave Week in Berlin

In the coming week, the European Microwave Week takes place in Berlin. We contribute seven paper presentation talks, one poster and two workshop presentations.

You will find us in the following conference sessions: EuMC05, EuRAD04, EuMC/EuRAD03, EuRAD12, EuRAD13, EuRAD14, EuRAD15, EuRAD12, WF2 und WF4.

Detection of Road Markings With Automotive Radar Sensors

In the field of autonomous driving, high-precision radar images of the environment are essential for accurate trajectory planning. In his new journal article in IEEE Sensors Letters, Timo Grebner shows that with conventional automotive radar sensors (77 GHz) not only the detection of obstacles and other road users is possible, but also the detection of lane markings. By employing the synthetic aperture radar (SAR) technique, lane markings are captured with such a high quality that allows their automated extraction from the resulting SAR image via digital image processing techniques. Due to the high integration gain of SAR, this method enables the detection of lane markings without having to add additional reflective particles to the paint, which enables the algorithm to be used for existing lane markings.

Paper: Detection of Optical Road Markings With Automotive Radar Sensors

AP-Symposium in Portland

We are presenting one paper about reflectarrays at the IEEE Antennas and Propagation Symposium in Portland in the upcoming week.

Join us in session "WE-SP.2P: Millimeter-Wave and THz-Wave Antennas with Beam-Scanning and Multi-Beam Functions".

Semi-Analytical Modeling for Far-Field Patterns of Reflectarrays

Semi-analytical models for predicting the far-field pattern of reflectarrays are of great advantage to save computationally expensive full-wave simulations. In her latest journal article in the IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation, Susanne Brandl presents a novel modeling technique for reflectarrays. This method allows to predict the effects of specular reflections, which usually appear in offset-fed reflectarrays, by fitting a model parameter based on a full-wave simulation of an array row.

Paper: Modeling Offset-Fed TE Reflectarrays for Far-Field Pattern Prediction at Upper mm-Wave Frequencies


We have one paper presentation about UAV-based GPSAR at the International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium in Pasadena this week.

You will find us in session "FR2.R9: UAV/Mobile-Mapping SAR Systems and Applications II".

Tunable Biomimetic Antenna Arrays

By electronically tuning varactor diodes, the increased phase sensitivity of biomimetic arrays can be controlled in direction-of-arrival and the strength of the biomimetic effect becomes adjustable. In her latest journal article to be published in the Open Journal of Antennas and Propagation, Ines Dorsch discusses the requirements, describes a design process, and presents multiple demonstrators of tunable biomimetic antenna arrays in the 77 GHz range. Such arrays can adaptively adjust their characteristic depending on target parameters, allow for multi-step angle estimation, and improve the detectability of weak radar targets.

Paper: Tuning the Angular Characteristics of Biomimetic Antenna Arrays

Doctorate for Patrik Grüner: Congratulations!

Patrik has defended his PhD thesis entitled "Biomimetische Antennensysteme für kompakte hochauflösende Radarsensoren". We congratulate Patrik on completing his doctorate!

Probabilistic SAR Processing for High-Resolution Mapping

In the field of autonomous driving, high-precision radar images of the environment are essential for accurate trajectory planning and obstacle detection. Timo Grebner proves in his new journal article the feasibility of probabilistic SAR (synthetic aperture radar) processing. The advanced algorithm allows a high-resolution and amplitude-independent probabilistic SAR processing of the environment, resulting in a final image that represents a direct complex-valued occupancy probability. This presents an enormous advantage over conventional SAR processing schemes, which can only handle amplitude and phase information lacking suitable occupancy information. Hence, the work is a milestone for autonomous driving with the support of radar sensors employing SAR.

Paper: Probabilistic SAR Processing for High-Resolution Mapping Using Millimeter-Wave Radar Sensors

IMS Advanced Practice Paper Award for David Werbunat

David Werbunat has received the International Microwave Symposium Advanced Practice Paper Award for his paper "An All-Digital Carrier Synthesis for Stepped OFDM Radars". Congratulations!

International Microwave Symposium

We have two paper presentations at the International Microwave Symposium in San Diego in the coming week. You will find us in session "Tu3E: Advanced High-Frequency Mixed-Signal Circuits and Systems" and "We1G: Automotive and MIMO Radar".

Extrinsic Calibration of Radar Sensors

Accurate knowledge of the mounting orientation of radar sensors is essential for precise environmental sensing and obstacle detection. In his latest journal article in the Transactions on Aerospace and Electronic Systems, Timo Grebner presents a new method to estimate the mounting orientation of distributed radar sensors based solely on radar data. Furthermore, the algorithm functions with arbitrary targets, unconstrained sensor positioning, and random vehicle trajectories.

Paper: Self-Calibration of a Network of Radar Sensors for Autonomous Robots

UAV-Based Detection of Buried Objects

Compared to existing methods, UAV-based ground-penetrating synthetic-aperture radars (GPSAR) offer significant advantages due to their highly adaptable flight trajectories. At heights of a few meters above ground, refraction effects at the surface must be considered for high-resolution imaging. Often, the surface is therefore assumed to be horizontal. In a new journal article in Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing, Alexander Grathwohl investigates the influence of uneven surfaces on the detection of buried objects in theory, and using simulations and measurements. It is concluded, that surfaces can be considered locally horizontal for shallowly buried objects.

Paper: Detection of Objects Below Uneven Surfaces With a UAV-Based GPSAR

MWT at Radar Conference

We are contributing four papers to the Radar Conference taking place in San Antonio, where we are presenting work on radar target simulation, gesture recognition, array design and interference avoidance.

Student Paper Competition of AP-Symposium: Honorable Mention for Susanne Brandl

Susanne Brandl's conference paper "A Flexible Measurement Setup for Far-Field Characterization of Reflectarrays above 200 GHz" has been selected as an Honorable Mention. Congratulations!

Angle-Dependent Hologram Synthesis Method

A novel synthesis method for holographic multi-feed antennas, which allows to combine all sub-holograms into an angular-dependent shared holographic aperture, is proposed by Thomas Frey in a new article in the Open Journal of Antennas and Propagation. For a very accurate implementation of the analytical impedance tensor hologram, an eigenvector approach taking all tensor components into account is introduced. The holographic multi-feed antenna prototype is realized on a fused silica wafer and is intended for the integration into a 2D-monopulse radar system for the automotive frequency range.

Paper: Angle-Dependent Synthesis Method for Holographic Multi-Feed Antennas

UAV-Based Bistatic SAR-Imaging

The combination of synthetic aperture radar (SAR) with bistatic measurement geometries creates an opportunity to improve imaging significantly. A repeater element can be used for bistatic imaging to circumvent the need for highly accurate synchronization. In a new article in the Journal of Microwaves, Alexander Grathwohl and Benedikt Meinecke show simultaneous mono- and bistatic SAR imaging with an airborne UAV-based radar system and a stationary repeater element in a practical measurement scenario.

Paper: UAV-Based Bistatic SAR-Imaging Using a Stationary Repeater

MWT at EuCAP in Florence

We are contributing three papers to the conference European Conference on Antennas and Propagation (EuCAP) taking place end of March in Florence. We are presenting our work in the following sessions: Wide-Scanning Antenna Array Concepts for Millimetre-Wave Application (CS53), Innovative Lens Antennas I (A10), Frequency-Selective Surfaces (E04).

Doctorate for Hasan Iqbal: Congratulations!

We congratulateHasan Iqbal on completing his doctorate on the topic "Synthetic Aperture Radar (SAR) Imaging and Polarimetric Clutter Analysis Using Automotive Radars".

Efficient Radar Calibration

A highly-efficient calibration procedure for radar sensors enables the simultaneous storage of several measurement points by employing active radar targets. This is demonstrated by measurements in the near-field of the sensor. The results are presented by Matthias Linder in the Open Journal of Antennas and Propagation, now available in IEEE Early Access.

Paper: Highly Efficient Calibration of Antenna Arrays by Active Targets in the Near-Field

Doctorate for Mario Müh: Congratulations!

We congratulate Mario Müh on completing his doctorate on the topic "A Terahertz Sensor Platform for the Detection of African Trypanosomes".

Video about Mine Search with Drones

Last summer, our research project about detection of land mines with the aid of radar sensors mounted on an UAV was presented in a TV report for the science program "nano". In this project, we collaborate with Urs Endress Foundation and Fondation suisse de déminage (FSD). The video is now available on the Youtube channel of FSD.

Video: Detecting Mines using High-Tech Drones

Radar Target Simulation: Direction of arrival

A new signal model for arbitrary radar array configurations and beamformers is derived by Pirmin Schöder in his new journal article. With the new model, the capabilities of flexible direction-of-arrival simulations can be extended beyond existing methods. The generation of targets for radars with different antenna configurations is presented utilizing different approaches. The article appears in Transactions onAerospace and Electronic Systems and is now available in IEEExplore Early Access.

Paper: A Unified Model of Coherent Direction-of-Arrival Simulation for Radar Target Simulators

Highly-integrated RF Transitions in Glass Package

The connection of mechanically flexible dielectric waveguides without the use of mode converters is now possible directly via an interface in a glass package. In his new journal article, Thomas Galler compares galvanically coupled and electromagnetically coupled approaches above 150 GHz. The article appears in Transactions on Microwave Theories & Techniques and is now available in IEEExplore Early Access.

Paper: MMIC-to-Dielectric Waveguide Transitions for Glass Packages Above 150 GHz

VDE-Prize for Marco Veit

Marco Veit received the VDE-Prize for his master thesis about a tunable multilayer fishnet metamaterial lens at millimeter-wave frequencies. Congratulations!

Gesture Recognition from Radar Simulations

Radar-based gesture recognition algorithms can work without a single measured sample for training! In a new journal article by Nicolai Kern, this is demonstrated by one-to-one re-simulation of a comprehensive real dataset, thus pointing out both the potential and the challenges of simulation-based data augmentation. The results are presented in the Transactions on Microwave Theories & Techniques’ special issue on AI for Microwaves, now available in Early Access.

Paper: Learning on Multistatic Simulation Data for Radar-Based Automotive Gesture Recognition

EuRAD Young Engineer Prize for Pirmin Schöder

We congratulate Pirmin Schöder on receiving the EuRAD Young Engineer Prize for his paper “A Modulation-Based Target Simulator and Its Hardware Nonidealities”.

Taking a Look Beneath the Surface

Multicopter UAVs offer unmatched flexibility, which allows for new ways for close-proximity ground-penetrating radar imaging without requiring traversable terrain. There is a large variety of applications that could benefit from these systems. In a new magazine article, Alexander Grathwohl and Michael Stelzig provide an overview of the requirements for high-quality imaging, current state-of-the-art applications and future possibilities. The system prototype is even featured on the IEEE Microwave Magazine's cover.

Paper: Taking a Look Beneath the Surface: Multicopter UAV-Based Ground-Penetrating Imaging Radars

Doctorate for André Dürr

We congratulate André Dürr on completing his doctorate on the topic of radar systems for high-resolution imaging

European Microwave Week in Milano

We are contributing seven papers and two workshops presentations to the conference taking place end of September.

MIMO Radar with 1728 Channels

A new MIMO Radar with 1728 Virtual Channels for high-resolution 4D imaging is presented by Dominik Schwarz in his new journal article. The system is composed from 12 radar MMICs, exceeding the channel count of modern automotive radars by a factor of 10, has a new multilayer PCB concept to seperate RF circuitry and antennas, and features beamwidths of 0.78° (azimuth) and 3.6° (elevation). The article is already available on IEEExplore and will be published in the Journal of Microwaves.

Paper: System Performance of a 79 GHz High-Resolution 4D Imaging MIMO Radar With 1728 Virtual Channels

International Radar Symposium

The institute contributes a paper about Interference of Automotive Radars in Complex Traffic Scenarios to the conference in Gdansk.

Radar-Based Gesture Recognition with Neural Networks

Neural networks can reliably recognize real-world traffic gestures from multi-perspective radar target lists as input. Hence, the gesture recognition algorithm presented by Nicolai Kern in his article for the Transactions on Aerospace and Electronic Systems is particularly suitable for autonomous driving in strongly scattering environments, helping vehicles to safely interact with pedestrians. The article is already available on IEEExplore Early Access.

Paper: PointNet+LSTM for Target List-based Gesture Recognition with Incoherent Radar Networks

Prize for Doctorate

Martin Geiger was awarded a prize for his outstanding dissertation, donated by the Ulmer Universitätsgesellschaft. Congratulations! Martin wrote his dissertation about a flexible waveguide probe for MMIC-based radar systems at 300 GHz.