Lecture "Materials Science I"

Outline

  • Introduction
    • structure and bonding
    • classification of materials
  • Crystal structure
    • lattices, close packed structures
    • reciprocal lattice, diffraction
  • Defects in solids
    • point defects, dislocations, grain and phase boundaries
    • microstructure of materials
  • Characterization of the microstructure
    • microscopic methods (optical, SEM)
    • diffraction techniques (XRD, TEM)
    • scanning probe techniques (STM,AFM/MFM)
  • Phase diagrams
    • concept of equilibrium
    • basic thermodynamics: enthalpy, entropy, free energy
    • basic types of binary phase diagrams
    • important examples : Cu-Ni, Pb-Sn, Fe-C
  • Transport
    • diffusion: macroscopic and microscopic description
    • diffusion at surfaces and interfaces
    • electromigration
  • Phase Transformations
    • thermodynamics and kinetics
    • diffusive transformations
    • non-diffusive transformations
  • Mechanical properties
    • elastic properties
    • plastic deformation
    • viscous flow and creep
    • fracture

Literature

  • W.D. Callister, Materials Science and Engineering - An Introduction (Wiley)

  • Atkins, Physical Chemistry - for chemical potential, thermodynamics of mixtures and thermodynamics of phase transformations 

  • M. Ohring, Engineering Materials Science (Academic Press)

  • B. Fultz, J.M. Howe,  Transmission electron microscopy and diffractometry of materials, (Springer e-book, 2008 version online available over National Licence )
  • Klug and Alexander, X-ray diffraction procedures for polycrystalline and amorphous materials (Wiley)
  • B.E. Warren, X-ray diffraction (Addison-Wesley)

Materials (password protected)

Lecture materials will be available through the moodle system for registered participants.

Exercises

Participation in the exercises is compulsory for admission to the final examination. Exercises will be held approx. every two weeks. Preliminary schedule of exercises:

 

Exercise date
Exercise 1

13. 11. 2020

Exercise 2 27. 11. 2020
Exercise 3 11. 12. 2020
Exercise 4 8. 1. 2021
Exercise 5 22. 1. 2021
Exercise 6 5. 2. 2021
Exercise 7 / exam prep 19. 2. 2022

Lecture and Exercises

Lecturer: Prof. U. Herr

Exercises: Runbang Shao

course id

ENGFN 71395

Time and location

Tuesday, 10-12 via moodle

Friday, 10-12 via moodle

lecture start: Tuesday, 3.11.2020 via moodle/BBB