Arbeitsgruppe Kranz



  • R. Stach, J. Haas, E. Tütüncü, S. Daboss, C. Kranz, B. Mizaikoff
    polyHWG: 3D Printed Substrate-Integrated Hollow Waveguides for Mid-Infrared Gas Sensing
    ACS Sensors, 2(11), 1700–1705 (2017)
    DOI: 10.1021/acssensors.7b00649

  • B. Schwarz, J. Forster, M.H. Anjass, S. Daboss, C. Kranz, C. Streb
    From molecular to colloidal manganese vanadium oxides for water oxidation catalysis
    Chemical Communications, 53(84), 11576–11579 (2017)
    DOI: 10.1039/C7CC06840A

  • G. Neusser, S. Eppler, J.L. Bowen, C.J. Allender, P. Walther, B. Mizaikoff, C. Kranz
    FIB and MIP: Understanding Nanoscale Porosity in Molecularly Imprinted Polymers via 3D FIB/SEM Tomography
    Nanoscale, 9(38), 14327–14334 (2017)
    DOI: 10.1039/C7NR05725C

  • M.C. Sportelli, E. Tütüncü, R.A. Picca, M. Valentini, A. Valentini, C. Kranz, B. Mizaikoff, H. Barth, N. Cioffi
    Inhibiting P. fluorescens biofilms with fluoropolymer-embedded silver nanoparticles: an in-situ spectroscopic study
    Scientific Reports, 7(1), 11870 (2017)
    DOI: 10.1038/s41598-017-12088-x

  • J. Izquierdo, A. Eifert, C. Kranz, R.M. Souto
    In situ investigation of copper corrosion in acidic chloride solution using atomic force − scanning electrochemical microscopy
    Electrochimica Acta, 247, 588–599 (2017)
    DOI: 10.1016/j.electacta.2017.07.042

  • D. Arrigan, C. Kranz, H.J. Lee
    Electrochemical Biosensing: From the Bench to the Real World
    ChemElectroChem, 4(4), 751–752 (2017)
    DOI: 10.1002/celc.201700225

  • S.K. Guin, P. Knittel, S. Daboss, A. Breusow, C. Kranz
    Template- and additive-free electrosynthesis and characterization of spherical gold nanoparticles on hydrophobic conducting polydimethylsiloxane
    Chemistry - An Asian Journal, 12(13), 1615–1624 (2017)
    DOI: 10.1002/asia.201700444

  • Á.I. López-Lorente, J. Izquierdo, C. Kranz, B. Mizaikoff
    Boron-doped diamond modified with gold nanoparticles for the characterization of bovine serum albumin protein
    Vibrational Spectroscopy, 91, 147–156 (2017)
    DOI: 10.1016/j.vibspec.2016.10.010

  • P. Knittel, N. Hibst, B. Mizaikoff, S. Strehle, C. Kranz
    Focused ion beam-assisted fabrication of soft high-aspect ratio silicon nanowire atomic force microscopy probes
    Ultramicroscopy, 179, 24–32 (2017)
    DOI: 10.1016/j.ultramic.2017.03.031

  • T. Sandner, A.M. Steinbach, P. Knittel, T. Diemant, R.J. Behm, S. Strehle, C. Kranz, B. Mizaikoff
    Silanization of Sapphire Surfaces for Optical Sensing Applications
    ACS Sensors, 2(4), 522–530 (2017)
    DOI: 10.1021/acssensors.6b00786

  • C. Ziller, J. Lin, P. Knittel, L. Friedrich, C. Andronescu, S. Pöller, W. Schuhamnn, C. Kranz BackCOVER
    Poly(benzoxazine) as immobilization matrix for miniaturized ATP and glucose biosensors
    ChemElectroChem, 4(4), 864–871 (2017)
    DOI: 10.1002/celc.201600765


  • T. Hersbach, J. MacPherson, O. Magnussen, R. Crooks, S. Higgins, D. Fermin, F. Kanoufi, W. Schuhmann, R. Nichols, S. Mitra, W. Schmickler, K. Tschulik, P. Bartlett, S. Faez, W. Nogala, M. Eikerling, C. Kranz, P. Unwin, M. Koper, S. Lemay, A. Mount, A. Ewing, Z. Tian, H. White, S. Chen, J. Clausmeyer, K. Krischer
    Reactions at the nanoscale: general discussion
    Faraday discussions, 193, 265–292 (2016)
    DOI: 10.1039/C6FD90067D

  • M. Hocker, P. Maier, L. Jerg, I. Tischer, G. Neusser, C. Kranz, M. Pristovsek, C.J. Humphreys, R.A. Leute, D. Heinz, O. Rettig, F. Scholz, K. Thonke
    Determination of axial and lateral exciton diffusion length in GaN by electron energy dependent cathodoluminescence
    Journal of Applied Physics, 120, 085703/1–085703/6 (2016)
    DOI: 10.1063/1.4961417

  • D. Rudolph, D. Bates, T.J. DiChristina, B. Mizaikoff, C. Kranz
    Detection of Metal-reducing Enzyme Complexes by Scanning Electrochemical Microscopy
    Electroanalysis, 28 (10), 2459–2456 (2016)
    DOI: 10.1002/elan.201600333

  • S. Singh, N. Kumar, V.K. Meena, C. Kranz, S. Mishra
    Impedometric phenol sensing using graphenated electrochip
    Sensors and Actuators B: Chemical, 237, 318–328 (2016)
    DOI: 10.1016/j.snb.2016.06.079

  • J. Izquierdo, C. Kranz
    Electrochemical techniques for investigating redox active macromolecules
    European Polymer Journal, 83, 428–449 (2016)
    DOI: 10.1016/j.eurpolymj.2016.05.016

  • J. Izquierdo, B. Mizaikoff, C. Kranz
    Surface-enhanced infrared spectroscopy on boron-doped diamond modified with gold nanoparticles for spectroelectrochemical analysis
    Physica Status Solidi A: Applications and Materials, 213 (8), 2056–2062 (2016)
    DOI: 10.1002/pssa.201600222

  • P. Knittel, O. Bibikova, C. Kranz
    Challenges in nanoelectrochemical and nanomechanical studies of individual anisotropic gold nanoparticles
    Faraday Discussions, 193, 353–369 (2016)
    DOI: 10.1039/C6FD00128A

  • Y. Liu, A. Holzinger, P. Knittel, L. Poltorak, A. Gamero-Quijano, W.D.A. Rickard, A. Walcarius, G. Herzog, C. Kranz, D.W.M. Arrigan
    Visualization of Diffusion within Nanoarrays
    Analytical Chemistry, 88 (13), 6689–6695 (2016)
    DOI: 10.1021/acs.analchem.6b00513

  • C.M. Frey, A. Eifert, H. Schütz, H. Barth, B. Mizaikoff, C. Kranz
    Macroscopic and Microscopic electrochemical investigation of Clostridium botulinum C2IIa embedded in supported lipid membranes
    Electrochimica Acta, 209, 341–349 (2016)
    DOI: 10.1016/j.electacta.2016.05.055

  • P. Knittel, B. Mizaikoff, C. Kranz
    Simultaneous Nanomechanical and Electrochemical Mapping: Combining Peak Force Tapping Atomic Force Microscopy with Scanning Electrochemical Microscopy
    Analytical Chemistry, 88 (12), 6174–6178 (2016)
    DOI: 10.1021/acs.analchem.6b01086

  • N. Hibst, P. Knittel, J. Biskupek, C. Kranz, B. Mizaikoff, S. Strehle
    The mechanisms of platinum-catalyzed silicon nano-wire growth
    Semiconductor Science and Technology, 31 (2), 025005 (2016)
    DOI: 10.1088/0268-1242/31/2/025005

  • B. Abt, A. Hartmann, A. Pasquarelli, S. Strehle, B. Mizaikoff, C. Kranz
    Electrochemical determination of sulphur-containing pharmaceuticals using boron-doped diamond electrodes
    Electroanalysis, 28 (7), 1641–1646 (2016)
    DOI: 10.1002/elan.201501150

  • J. Izquierdo, B.M. Fernández-Pérez, A. Eifert, R.M. Souto, C. Kranz
    Simultaneous Atomic Force - Scanning Electrochemical Microscopy (AFM-SECM) Imaging of Copper dissolution
    Electrochimica Acta, 201, 320–332 (2016)
    DOI: 10.1016/j.electacta.2015.12.160

  • P. Knittel, H. Zhang, C. Kranz, G.G. Wallace, M.J. Higgins
    Probing the PEDOT:PSS/Cell Interface with Conductive Colloidal Probe AFM-SECM
    Nanoscale, 8, 4475–4481 (2016)
    DOI: 10.1039/C5NR07155K

  • A. Pochert, S. Ziller, S. Kapetanovic, G. Neusser, C. Kranz, M. Lindén
    Intermediate Pickering emulsion formation as a means for synthesizing hollow mesoporous silica nanoparticles
    New Journal of Chemistry, 40 (5), 4217–4222 (2016)
    DOI: 10.1039/C5NJ02855H

  • C. Kranz
    Diamond as Advanced Material for Scanning Probe Microscopy Tips
    Electroanalysis, 28 (1), 35–45 (2016)
    DOI: 10.1002/elan.201500630


  • C. Villinger, G. Neusser, C. Kranz, P. Walther, T. Mertens
    3D Analysis of HCMV Induced Nuclear Membrane Structures by FIB/SEM Tomography: Insight into an Unprecedented Membrane Morphology
    Viruses, 7 (11), 5686–5704 (2015)
    DOI: 10.3390/v7112900

  • R.A. Picca, M.C. Sportelli, D. Hötger, K. Manoli, C. Kranz, B. Mizaikoff, L. Torsi, N. Cioffi
    Electrosynthesis and characterization of ZnO nanoparticles as inorganic component in organic thin-film transistor active layers
    Electrochimica Acta, 178, 45–54 (2015)
    DOI: 10.1016/j.electacta.2015.07.122

  • J. Izquierdo, A. Eifert, C. Kranz, R. M. Souto
    In Situ Monitoring of Pit Nucleation and Growth at an Iron Passive Oxide Layer by using Combined Atomic Force and Scanning Electrochemical Microscopy
    ChemElectroChem, 2 (11), 1847–1856 (2015)
    DOI: 10.1002/celc.201500100

  • T. Conte Granado, G. Neusser, C. Kranz, J. Batista Destro Filho, V. Carabelli, E. Carbone, A. Pasquarelli
    Progress in transparent diamond microelectrode arrays
    Physica Status Solidi A: Applications and Materials, 212 (11), 2445–2453 (2015)
    DOI: 10.1002/pssa.201532168

  • Y. Liu, M. Sairi, G. Neusser, C. Kranz, D.W.M. Arrigan
    Achievement of Diffusional Independence at Nanoscale Liquid–Liquid Interfaces within Arrays
    Analytical Chemistry, 87 (11), 5486–5490 (2015)
    DOI: 10.1021/acs.analchem.5b01162

  • M. Sairi, N. Chen-Tan, G. Neusser, C. Kranz, D.W.M. Arrigan
    Electrochemical Characterisation of Nanoscale Liquid|Liquid Interfaces Located at Focused Ion Beam-Milled Silicon Nitride Membranes
    ChemElectroChem, 2 (1), 98–105 (2015)
    DOI: 10.1002/celc.201402252

  • J. Izquierdo, A. Eifert, R.M. Souto, C. Kranz
    Simultaneous pit generation and visualization of pit topography using combined atomic force-scanning electrochemical microscopy
    Electrochemistry Communications, 51, 15–18 (2015)
    DOI: 10.1016/j.elecom.2014.11.017

  • A. Eifert, B. Mizaikoff, C. Kranz
    Advanced fabrication process for combined atomic force- scanning electrochemical microscopy (AFM-SECM) probes
    Micron, 68, 27–35 (2015)
    DOI: 10.1016/j.micron.2014.08.008


  • L.J. Rogers, K.D. Jahnke, T. Teraji, L. Marseglia, C. Mueller, B. Naydenov, H. Schauffert, C. Kranz, J. Isoya, L.P. McGuinness, F. Jelezko
    Multiple identical single photon emitters in diamond
    Nature Communications, 5, 4739 (2014)
    DOI: 10.1038/ncomms5739

  • M.C. Sportelli, D. Hötger, R.A. Picca, K. Manoli, C. Kranz, B. Mizaikoff, L. Torsi, N. Cioffi
    Electrosynthesized Polystyrene Sulphonate-Capped Zinc Oxide Nanoparticles as Electrode Modifiers for Sensing Devices
    MRS Online Proceedings, 1675, 15–20 (2014)
    DOI: 10.1557/opl.2014.847

  • N. Hibst, P. Knittel, C. Kranz, B. Mizaikoff, S. Strehle
    Beam-Deposited Platinum as Versatile Catalyst for Bottom-Up Silicon Nanowire Synthesis
    Applied Physics Letters, 105, 153110 (1–4) (2014)
    DOI: 10.1063/1.4898580

  • L.L. Kegel, S.-S. Kim, B. Mizaikoff, C. Kranz, K.S. Booksh
    Position Dependent Plasmonic Interaction Between a Single Nanoparticle and a Nanohole Array
    Plasmonics, 9 (5), 1229–1237 (2014)
    DOI: 10.1007/s11468-014-9735-y

  • A. Eifert, P. Langenwalther, J. Higl, M. Lindén, C.E. Nebel, B. Mizaikoff, C. Kranz
    Focused ion beam (FIB)-induced changes in the electrochemical behavior of boron-doped diamond electrodes
    Electrochimica Acta, 130, 418–425 (2014)
    DOI: 10.1016/j.electacta.2014.03.029

  • A. Eifert, C. Kranz COVER
    Hyphenating Atomic Force Microscopy
    Anlaytical Chemistry, 86 (11), 2190–2900 (2014)
    DOI: 10.1021/ac5008128

  • P. Knittel, M.J. Higgins, C. Kranz
    Nanoscopic polypyrrole AFM-SECM probes enabling force measurements under potential control
    Nanoscale, 6, 2255–2260 (2014)
    DOI: 10.1039/C3NR05086F

  • Á.I. López-Lorente, B.M. Simonet, M. Valcarcel, S. Eppler, R. Schindl, C. Kranz, B. Mizaikoff
    Characterization of stainless steel assisted bare gold nanoparticles and their analytical potential
    Talanta, 118, 321–327 (2014)
    DOI: 10.1016/j.talanta.2013.10.028

  • C. Kranz
    Recent advancements in nanoelectrodes and nanopipettes used in combined scanning electrochemical microscopy techniques
    Analyst, 139, 336–352 (2014)
    DOI: 10.1039/C3AN01651J

  • M. Lämmerhofer, J. Popp, K. Leopold, S. He, W. Nau, C. Kranz, J.W. Einax, B. Mizaikoff
    Trendbericht: Analytische Chemie 2012/2013
    Nachrichten aus der Chemie, 62, 407–414 (2014)
    Trendbericht: Analytische Chemie 2012/2013
A. Eifert et al.


  • M.A. Komkova, A. Holzinger, A. Hartmann, C. Kranz, A.R. Khokhlov, A.A. Karyakin, O.G. Voronin
    Ultramicrosensors based on transition metal hexacyanoferrates for scanning electrochemical microscopy
    Beilstein Journal of Nanotechnology, 4, 649–654 (2013)
    DOI: 10.3762/bjnano.4.72

  • D. Neubauer, J. Scharpf, A. Pasquarelli, B. Mizaikoff, C. Kranz COVER
    Combined In-Situ Atomic Force Microscopy and Infrared Attenuated Total Reflection Spectroelectrochemistry
    Analyst, 138 (22), 6746–6752 (2013)
    DOI: 10.1039/C3AN01169K

  • G.S. Lorite, R. Janissen, J.H. Clerici, C.M. Rodrigues, J.P. Tomaz, B. Mizaikoff, C. Kranz, A.A. de Souza, M.A. Cotta
    Surface Physicochemical Properties at the Micro and Nano Length Scales: Role on Bacterial Adhesion and Xylella Fastidiosa Biofilm Development
    PLoS ONE, 8, e75247 (2013)
    DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0075247

  • T. Schädle, A. Eifert, C. Kranz, Y. Raichlin, A. Katzir, B. Mizaikoff
    Mid-Infrared Planar Silver Halide Waveguides with Integrated Grating Couplers
    Applied Spectroscopy, 67, 1057–1063 (2013)
    DOI: 10.1366/12-06898

  • K. Thompson, J.P. Korbmacher, E. Hecht, N. Hobi, O.H. Wittekindt, P. Dietl, C.Kranz, M. Frick
    Fusion-activated cation-entry (FACE) via P2X4 couples surfactant secretion and alveolar fluid transport
    FASEB Journal, 27, 1772–1783 (2013)
    DOI: 10.1096/fj.12-220533

  • E. Hecht, A. Liedert, A. Ignatius, B. Mizaikoff, C. Kranz
    Local detection of mechanically induced ATP release from bone cells with ATP microbiosensors
    Biosensors and Bioelectronics, 44, 27–33 (2013)
    DOI: 10.1016/j.bios.2013.01.008

  • G.S. Lorite, A.A. de Souza, D. Neubauer, B. Mizaikoff, C. Kranz, M.A. Cotta
    On the role of Extracellular polymeric substances during early stages of Xylella fastidiosa biofilm formation
    Colloids and Surfaces B: Biointerfaces, 102, 519–525 (2013)
    DOI: 10.1016/j.colsurfb.2012.08.027
D. Neubauer et al.


  • C. Kranz, B. Mizaikoff
    Microscopy with focused ion beams. From semiconductor technology to (bio) analysis
    GIT Labor-Fachzeitschrift, 56 (11), 787–789 (2012)

  • N. Menegazzo, C. Kranz, B. Mizaikoff
    Investigation of the Anion Uptake Properties of Cathodically Electropolymerized Poly(4-vinylpyridine) Membranes
    New Journal of Chemistry, 36 (12), 2460–2466 (2012)
    DOI: 10.1039/C2NJ40156H

  • A. Eifert, W. Smirnov, S. Frittmann, C. Nebel, B. Mizaikoff, C. Kranz
    Atomic force microscopy probes with integrated boron doped diamond electrodes: Fabrication and application
    Electrochemistry Communications, 25, 30–34 (2012)
    DOI: 10.1016/j.elecom.2012.09.011

  • E. Hecht, P. Knittel, E. Felder, P. Dietl, B. Mizaikoff, C. Kranz
    Combining Atomic Force - Fluorescence Microscopy with a Stretching Device for Analyzing Mechanotransduction Processes at Living Cells
    Analyst, 37 (22), 5208–5214 (2012)
    DOI: 10.1039/C2AN36001B

  • O.G. Voronin, A. Hartmann, C. Steinbach, A.A. Karyakin, A.R. Khokhlov, C. Kranz
    Prussian Blue-modified ultramicroelectrodes for mapping hydrogen peroxide in scanning electrochemical microscopy (SECM)
    Electrochemistry Communication, 23, 102–105 (2012)
    DOI: 10.1016/j.elecom.2012.07.017

  • C. Villinger, H. Gregorius, C. Kranz, K. Höhn, C. Münzberg, G. von Wichert, B. Mizaikoff, G. Wanner, P.Walther
    FIB/SEM-tomography with TEM-like resolution for 3D imaging of high pressure frozen cells
    Histochemistry and Cell Biology, 138 (4), 549-556 (2012)
    DOI: 10.1007/s00418-012-1020-6

  • P. Miklavc, E. Hecht, N. Hobi, O.H. Wittekindt, P. Dietl, C. Kranz, M. Frick
    Actin coating and compression of fused secretory vesicles are essential for surfactant secretion – a role for Rho, formins and myosin II
    Journal of Cell Science, 125, 2765–2774 (2012)
    DOI: 10.1242/jcs.105262

  • E. Hecht, K. Thompson, M. Frick, O.H. Wittekindt, P. Dietl, B. Mizaikoff, C. Kranz
    Combined Atomic Force Microscopy-Fluorescence Microscopy: Analyzing Exocytosis in Alveolar Type II Cells
    Analytical Chemistry, 84 (13), 5716–5722 (2012)
    DOI: 10.1021/ac300775j

  • M. Lämmerhofer, J.A.C. Broekaert, J. Popp, B. Lendl, K. Leopold, F.W. Scheller, A. Yarman, S. Schumacher, N. Plumeré, A. Hennig, W. Nau, C. Kranz, J.W. Einax, B. Mizaikoff
    Trendbericht: Analytische Chemie 2010/2011
    Nachrichten aus der Chemie, 60, 406–420 (2012)
    DOI: Trendbericht: Analytische Chemie 2010/2011


  • W. Smirnov, A. Kriele, R. Hoffmann, E. Sillero, J. Hees, O.A. Williams, N. Yang, C. Kranz, C.E. Nebel
    Diamond-Modified AFM Probes: From Diamond Nanowires to Atomic Force Microscopy-Integrated Boron-Doped Diamond Electrodes
    Analytical Chemistry, 83 (12), 4936–4941 (2011)
    DOI: 10.1021/ac200659e

  • G.S. Lorite, C.M. Rodrigues, A.A. de Souza, C. Kranz, B. Mizaikoff, M.A. Cotta
    The role of conditioning film formation and surface chemical changes on Xylella fastidiosa adhesion and biofilm evolution
    Journal of Colloid and Interface Science, 359 (1), 289–295 (2011)
    DOI: 10.1016/j.jcis.2011.03.066

  • C. Kranz, D.C. Eaton, B. Mizaikoff
    Analytical challenges in nanomedicine
    Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry, 399 (7), 2309–2311 (2011)
    DOI: 10.1007/s00216-010-4631-6

  • E. Hecht, S.M. Usmani, S. Albrecht, O.H. Wittekindt, P. Dietl, B. Mizaikoff, C. Kranz
    Atomic force microscopy of microvillous cell surface dynamics at fixed and living alveolar type II cells
    Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry, 399 (7), 2369–2378 (2011)
    DOI: 10.1007/s00216-010-4407-z


  • J. Wiedemair, N. Menegazzo, J. Pikarsky, K.S. Booksh, B. Mizaikoff, C. Kranz
    Novel Electrode Materials based on Ion Beam Induced Deposition of Platinum Carbon Composites
    Electrochimica Acta, 55, 5725–5732 (2010)
    DOI: 10.1016/j.electacta.2010.05.008

  • J. Wiedemair, J.-S. Moon, F. Reinauer, B. Mizaikoff, C. Kranz
    Ion Beam Induced Deposition of Platinum Carbon Composite Electrodes for Atomic Force Microscopy-Scanning Electrochemical Microscopy
    Electrochemistry Communications, 12 (7), 989–991 (2010)
    DOI: 10.1016/j.elecom.2010.05.008

  • P. Naumov, J. Kowalik, K.M. Solntsev, A. Baldridge, J.-S. Moon, C. Kranz, L.M. Tolbert
    Topochemistry and Photomechanical Effects in Crystals of Green Fluorescent Protein-like Chromophores. Effects of Hydrogen Bonding and Crystal Packing
    Journal of the American Chemical Society, 132 (16), 5845–5857 (2010)
    DOI: 10.1021/ja100844m

  • L. Wang, J. Kowalik, B. Mizaikoff, C. Kranz
    Combining Scanning Electrochemical Microscopy with Infrared Attenuated Total Reflection Spectroscopy for in situ Studies of Electrochemically Induced Processes
    Analytical Chemistry, 82 (8), 3139–3145 (2010)
    DOI: 10.1021/ac9027802

  • L. Wang, C. Kranz, B. Mizaikoff
    Monitoring Scanning Electrochemical Microscopy Approach Curves with Mid-Infrared Spectroscopy: Towards a Novel Current-Independent Positioning Mode
    Analytical Chemistry, 82 (8), 3132–3138 (2010)
    DOI: 10.1021/ac902781h


  • L. Wang, J.-S. Moon, B. Mizaikoff, C. Kranz
    Toward a combined SECM-​IR-​ATR system for the investigation of conductive polymers
    ECS Transactions, 19 (6), 165–169 (2009)
    DOI: 10.1149/1.3118549

  • L. Wang, B. Mizaikoff, C. Kranz
    Quantification of Sugar Mixtures with Near-Infrared Raman Spectroscopy and Multivariate Data Analysis
    Journal of Chemical Education, 86 (11), 1322–1325 (2009)
    DOI: 10.1021/ed086p1322

  • C. Weber, E. Gauda, B. Mizaikoff, C. Kranz
    Developmental Aspects of Amperometric ATP-Biosensors based on Entrapped Enzymes
    Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry, 395 (6), 1729–1735 (2009)
    DOI: 10.1007/s00216-009-3125-x


  • H. Shin, P.J. Hesketh, B. Mizaikoff, C. Kranz
    Development of Wafer-Level Batch Fabrication for Combined Atomic Force - Scanning Electrochemical Microscopy (AFM-SECM) Probes
    Sensors and Actuators B: Chemical, 134 (2), 488–495 (2008)
    DOI: 10.1016/j.snb.2008.05.039

  • J. Wiedemair, B. Balamurari, J.-S. Moon, D.W. Hess, B. Mizaikoff, C. Kranz
    Plasma-deposited fluorocarbon films: insulation material for microelectrodes and combined atomic force microscopy-scanning electrochemical microscopy probes
    Analytical Chemistry, 80 (13), 5260–5265 (2008)
    DOI: 10.1021/ac800246q

  • P.A. Kottke, C. Kranz, Y.K. Kwon, J.-F. Masson, B. Mizaikoff, A.G. Fedorov
    Theory of Polymer Entrapped Enzyme Ultramicroelectrodes: Application to Glucose and Adenosine Triphosphate Detection
    Journal of Electroanalytical Chemistry, 618 (1–2), 74–82 (2008)
    DOI: 10.1016/j.jelechem.2008.02.025

  • J.-F. Masson, C. Kranz, B. Mizaikoff, E. Gauda
    Amperometric ATP Microbiosensors for the Analysis of Chemosensitivity at the Carotid Bodies of Rats
    Analytical Chemistry, 80 (11), 3991–3998 (2008)
    DOI: 10.1021/ac7018969

  • J.-F. Masson, E. Gauda, B. Mizaikoff, C. Kranz
    The Interference of HEPES Buffer during Amperometric Detection of ATP in Clinical Applications
    Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry, 390 (8), 2067–2071 (2008)
    DOI: 10.1007/s00216-008-2015-y

  • C. Kranz, J. Wiedemair
    Scanning force microscopy based amperometric biosensors
    Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry, 390 (1), 239–243 (2008)
    DOI: 10.1007/s00216-007-1670-8

  • P.A. Kottke, C. Kranz, Y.K. Kwon, J.-F. Masson, B. Mizaikoff, A.G. Fedorov
    Theory of polymer entrapped enzyme ultramicroelectrodes: Fundamentals
    Journal of Electroanalytical Chemistry, 612 (2), 208–218 (2008)
    DOI: 10.1016/j.jelechem.2007.09.031

  • C. dos Santos Riccardi, C. Kranz, H. Yamanaka, J. Kowalik, B. Mizaikoff, M. Josowicz
    Label-free DNA detection of hepatitis C virus based on modified conducting polypyrrole films at microelectrodes and AFM-tip integrated electrodes
    Analytical Chemistry, 80 (1), 237–245 (2008)
    DOI: 10.1021/ac701613t


  • G.T. Dobbs, B. Balu, C. Young, C. Kranz, D.W. Hess, B. Mizaikoff
    Mid-Infrared Chemical Sensors Utilizing Plasma-Deposited Fluorocarbon Membranes
    Analytical Chemistry, 79 (24), 9566–9571 (2007)
    DOI: 10.1021/ac070832g

  • J.-F. Masson, C. Kranz, B. Mizaikoff
    Modeling the Response Function of Dual-Enzyme Microbiosensors
    Analytical Chemistry, 79 (22), 8531–8538 (2007)
    DOI: 10.1021/ac071090u

  • M. Brucherseifer, C. Kranz, B. Mizaikoff
    Combined In-Situ AFM-IR-ATR Spectroscopy
    Analytical Chemistry, 79 (22), 8803–8806 (2007)
    DOI: 10.1021/ac071004q

  • J.-F. Masson, C. Kranz, K.S. Booksh, B. Mizaikoff
    Improved Sensitivity and Stability of Amperometric Enzyme Microbiosensors by Covalent Attachment to Gold Electrodes
    Biosensensors and Bioelectronics, 23 (3), 355–361 (2007)
    DOI: 10.1016/j.bios.2007.04.013

  • K. Eckhard, C. Kranz, H. Shin, B. Mizaikoff, W. Schuhmann
    Frequency Dependence of the Electrochemical Activity Contrast in AC-Scanning Electrochemical Microscopy and Atomic Force Microscopy-AC-Scanning Electrochemical Microscopy Imaging
    Analytical Chemistry, 79 (14), 5435–5438 (2007)
    DOI: 10.1021/ac070605e

  • K. Eckhard, W. Schuhmann, H. Shin, B. Mizaikoff, C. Kranz
    Alternating current (AC) impedance imaging with combined atomic force scanning electrochemical microscopy (AFM-SECM)
    Electrochemistry Communications, 9 (6), 1311–1315 (2007)
    DOI: 10.1016/j.elecom.2007.01.027

  • H. Shin, P. Hesketh, B. Mizaikoff, C. Kranz
    Batch Fabrication of Atomic Force Microscopy Probes with Recessed Integrated Ring Microelectrodes at a Wafer Level
    Analytical Chemistry, 79 (13), 4769–4777 (2007)
    DOI: 10.1021/ac070598u

  • T.M. Patz, A. Doraiswamy, R.J. Narayan, N. Menegazzo, C. Kranz, B. Mizaikoff, Y. Zhong, R. Bellamkonda, J.D. Bumgardner, S.H. Elder, X.F. Walboomers, R. Modi, D.B. Chrisey
    Matrix assisted pulsed laser evaporation of biomaterial thin films
    Materials Science and Engineering: C, 27(3), 514–522 (2007)
    DOI: 10.1016/j.msec.2006.05.039

  • J. Wiedemair, M.J. Serpe, J. Kim, J.-F. Masson, L.A. Lyon, B. Mizaikoff, C. Kranz
    In-situ AFM Studies on the Phase Transition Behavior of Single Thermoresponsive Hydrogel Particles
    Langmuir, 23 (1), 130–137 (2007)
    DOI: 10.1021/la061288u

  • J.-S. Moon, H. Shin, B. Mizaikoff, C. Kranz
    Bitmap-Assisted Focused Ion Beam Fabrication of Combined Atomic Force Scanning Electrochemical Microscopy Probes
    Journal of the Korean Physical Society, 51 (3), 920–924 (2007)
    DOI: 10.3938/jkps.51.920


  • C. dos Santos Riccardi, H. Yamanaka, M. Josowicz, J. Kowalik, B. Mizaikoff, C. Kranz
    Label-free DNA detection based on modified conducting polypyrrole films at microelectrodes
    Analytical Chemistry, 78 (4), 1139–1145 (2006)
    DOI: 10.1021/ac051478u


  • J. Hartung, J. Kowalik, C. Kranz, J. Janata, M. Josowicz, A. Sinha, K. McCoy
    Electropolymerization of Bilayer with Phosphonic Acid Tethers for Immobilization of Biomolecules
    Journal of The Electrochemical Society, 152 (11), E345 (2005)
    DOI: 10.1149/1.2041868

  • A. Kueng, C. Kranz, A. Lugstein, E. Bertagnolli, B. Mizaikoff
    AFM-Tip-Integrated Amperometric Microbiosensors
    Angewandte Chemie, 117 (22), 3485–3488 (2005)
    DOI: 10.1002/ange.200461556

  • A. Kueng, C. Kranz, B. Mizaikoff
    Imaging of ATP membrane transport with dual micro-disk electrodes and scanning electrochemical microscopy
    Biosensors & Bioelectronics, 21 (2), 346–353 (2005)
    DOI: 10.1016/j.bios.2004.10.020

  • O. Sklyar, A. Kueng, C. Kranz, B. Mizaikoff, A. Lugstein, E. Bertagnolli, G. Wittstock
    Numerical simulation of scanning electrochemical microscopy experiments with frame-shaped integrated Atomic Force Microscopy-SECM probes using the boundary element method
    Analytical Chemistry, 77 (3), 764–771 (2005)
    DOI: 10.1021/ac048732n


  • M. Janotta, D. Rudolph, A. Kueng, C. Kranz, H.-S. Voraberger, W. Waldhauser, B. Mizaikoff
    Analysis of corrosion processes at the surface of diamond-like carbon protected zinc selenide waveguides
    Langmuir, 20 (20), 8634–8640 (2004)
    DOI: 10.1021/la049042h

  • C. Kranz, A. Kueng, A. Lugstein, E. Bertagnolli, B. Mizaikoff
    Mapping of enzyme activity by detection of enzymatic products during AFM imaging with integrated SECM-AFM probes
    Ultramicroscopy, 100 (3-4), 127–134 (2004)
    DOI: 10.1016/j.ultramic.2003.10.004

  • A. Kueng, C. Kranz, B. Mizaikoff
    Amperometric ATP biosensor based on polymer entrapped enzymes
    Biosensors and Bioelectronics, 19 (10), 1301–1307 (2004)
    DOI: 10.1016/j.bios.2003.11.023

  • D. Rudolph, S. Neuhuber, C. Kranz, M. Taillefert, B. Mizaikoff
    Scanning electrochemical microscopy imaging of rhodochrosite dissolution using gold amalgam microelectrodes
    Analyst, 129 (5), 443–448 (2004)
    DOI: 10.1039/b400051j

  • A. Kueng, C. Kranz, B. Mizaikoff, A. Lugstein, E. Bertagnolli
    Combined scanning electrochemical atomic force microscopy for tapping mode imaging
    Applied Physics Letters, 82 (10), 1592 (2003)
    DOI: 10.1063/1.1559652

  • A. Kueng, C. Kranz, A. Lugstein, E. Bertagnolli, B. Mizaikoff
    Integrated AFM-SECM in tapping mode: simultaneous topographical and electrochemical imaging of enzyme activity
    Angewandte Chemie International Edition, 42 (28), 3238–3240 (2003)
    DOI: 10.1002/anie.200351111

  • A. Kueng, C. Kranz, A. Lugstein, E. Bertagnolli, B. Mizaikoff
    Simultane topographische und elektrochemische Abbildung von Enzymaktivität mit integrierten AFM-SECM-Rasternahfeldsonden im AFM-Tapping-Modus
    Angewandte Chemie, 115 (28), 3358–3360 (2003)
    DOI: 10.1002/ange.200351111

  • A. Kueng, C. Kranz, B. Mizaikoff
    Scanning Probe Microscopy with Integrated Biosensors
    Sensor Letters, 1 (1), 2–15 (2003)
    DOI: 10.1166/sl.2003.001

  • A. Lugstein, E. Bertagnolli, C. Kranz, A. Kueng, B. Mizaikoff
    Integrating micro- and nanoelectrodes into atomic force microscopy cantilevers using focused ion beam techniques
    Applied Physics Letters, 81 (2), 349 (2002)
    DOI: 10.1063/1.1492304

  • A. Lugstein, E. Bertagnolli, C. Kranz, B. Mizaikoff
    Fabrication of a ring nanoelectrode in an AFM tip: Novel approach towards simultaneous electrochemical and topographical imaging
    Surface and Interface Analysis, 33 (2), 146–150 (2002)
    DOI: 10.1002/sia.1178

  • C. Kranz, G. Friedbacher, B. Mizaikoff, A. Lugstein, J. Smoliner, E. Bertagnolli
    Integrating an Ultramicroelectrode in an AFM Cantilever: Combined Technology for Enhanced Information
    Analytical Chemistry, 73 (11), 2491–2500 (2001)
    DOI: 10.1021/ac001099v

  • A. Hengstenberg, C. Kranz, W. Schuhmann
    Facilitated tip-positioning and applications of non-electrode tips in scanning electrochemical microscopy using a shear force based constant-distance mode
    Chemistry – A European Journal, 6 (9), 1547–1554 (2000)
    DOI: 10.1002/(SICI)1521-3765(20000502)6:9<1547::AID-CHEM1547>3.0.CO;2-C

  • C. Kranz, H. Wohlschläger, H.-L. Schmidt, W. Schuhmann
    Controlled Electrochemical Preparation of Amperometric Biosensors Based on Conducting Polymer Multilayers
    Electroanalysis, 10 (8), 546–552 (1998)
    DOI: 10.1002/(SICI)1521-4109(199807)10:8%3C546::AID-ELAN546%3E3.0.CO;2-%23

  • C. Kranz, G. Wittstock, H. Wohlschläger, W. Schuhmann
    Imaging of microstructured biochemically active surfaces by means of scanning electrochemical microscopy
    Electrochimica Acta, 42 (20-22), 3105–3111 (1997)
    DOI: 10.1016/S0013-4686(97)00158-8

  • W. Schuhmann, C. Kranz, H. Wohlschläger, J. Strohmeier
    Pulse technique for the electrochemical deposition of polymer films on electrode surfaces
    Biosensors and Bioelectronics, 12 (12), 1157–1167 (1997)
    DOI: 10.1016/S0956-5663(97)00086-9

  • C. Kranz, T. Lötzbeyer, H.-L. Schmidt, W. Schuhmann
    Lateral visualization of direct electron transfer between microperoxidase and electrodes by means of scanning electrochemical microscopy
    Biosensors and Bioelectronics, 12 (4), 257–266 (1997)
    DOI: 10.1016/S0956-5663(96)00056-5

  • M. Hiller, C. Kranz, J. Huber, P. Bäuerle, W. Schuhmann
    Amperometric biosensors produced by immobilization of redox enzymes at polythiophene-modified electrode surfaces
    Advanced Materials, 8 (3), 219–222 (1996)
    DOI: 10.1002/adma.19960080306

  • C. Kranz, H.E. Gaub, W. Schuhmann
    Polypyrrole towers grown with the scanning electrochemical microscope
    Advanced Materials, 8 (8), 634–637 (1996)
    DOI: 10.1002/adma.19960080805

  • G. Wittstock, C. Kranz, D. Strike, W. Schuhmann, H.-L. Schmidt
    Scanning Electrochemical Microscopy (SECM) - Application for Microstructuring and Imaging of Switchable Conducting Polymer Lines
    Microscopy and Analysis, 44, 5–7 (1996)

  • C. Kranz, M. Hiller, P. Bäuerle, H.E. Gaub, W. Schuhmann
    Microstructured Polymer-Based Transistors Obtained by Means of Scanning Electrochemical Microscopy. Applications as Transducers in Biosensors
    Proceedings Eurosensors IX, 506–508 (1995)
    DOI: 10.1109/SENSOR.1995.717266

  • C. Kranz, M. Ludwig, H.E. Gaub, W. Schuhmann
    Lateral deposition of polypyrrole lines by means of the scanning electrochemical microscope
    Advanced Materials, 7 (1), 38–40 (1995)
    DOI: 10.1002/adma.19950070106

  • C. Kranz, M. Ludwig, H.E. Gaub, W.G. Schuhnrann
    Lateral deposition of polypyrrole lines over insulating gaps. Towards the development of polymer-based electronic devices
    Advanced Materials, 7 (6), 568–571 (1995)
    DOI: 10.1002/adma.19950070613

  • M. Ludwig, C. Kranz, W. Schuhmann, H.E. Gaub
    Topography feedback mechanism for the scanning electrochemical microscope based on hydrodynamic forces between tip and sample
    Review of Scientific Instruments, 66 (4), 2857–2860 (1995)
    DOI: 10.1063/1.1145568

  • W. Schuhmann, C. Kranz, J. Huber, H. Wohlschläger
    Conducting polymer-based amperometric enzyme electrodes. Towards the development of miniaturized reagentless biosensors
    Synthetic Metals, 61 (1-2), 31–35 (1993)
    DOI: 10.1016/0379-6779(93)91196-9

  • S. Metzler, E. Stobbe, C. Kranz, H.-L. Schmidt, F.J. Winkler, G. Wolfram
    Einfluß des natürlichen Isotopengehaltes von Nährstoffen auf den Untergrund bei13C-Atemtests
    Zeitschrift für Ernährungswissenschaft, 22 (2), 107–115 (1983)
    DOI: 10.1007/BF02026207


  • C. Kranz, B. Mizaikoff, W. Schuhmann, K. Eckhard
    Near Field Scanning Measurement – Alternating Current – Scanning Electrochemical Microscopy Devices and Methods of Their Use
    • US patent granted No.: US 20100115673 (2010)
    • PCT patent granted No.: WO 2008066779 (2008)
    mehr Information

  • C. Kranz, B. Mizaikoff, A. Lugstein, E. Bertagnolli
    Sample for simultaneously conducting electro-​chemical and topographic near-​field microscopy
    • Austrian patent granted No.: AT 290200 (2005)
    • US patent granted No.: US 20040004182 (2004)
    • EU patent granted No.: EP 1290404 (2003)
    • Japanese patent granted No.: JP 2003536059 (2003)
    • Austrian patent granted No.: AT 2000001012 (2002)
    • PCT patent granted No.: WO 2001094877 (2001)
    • Australian patent granted No.: AU 2001073730 (2001)
    mehr Information

  • A. Lugstein, E. Bertagnolli, C. Kranz, B. Mizaikoff
    Method for producing a device for simultaneously carrying out an electrochemical and a topographical near-field microscopy
    • Austrian patent granted No.: AT 392700 (2008)
    • EU patent granted No.: EP 1290431 (2003)
    • US patent granted No.: US 20030190425 (2003)
    • Australian patent granted No.: AU 2001067123 (2001)
    • PCT patent granted No.: WO 2001094926 (2001)
    • Austrian patent granted No.: AT 2000001011 (2000)
    mehr Information

Book chapters

  • A. Holzinger, C. Steinbach, C. Kranz
    Scanning Electrochemical Microscopy (SECM): Fundamentals and Applications in Life Sciences
    In: D.W.M. Arrigan (Ed.), Electrochemical Strategies in Detection Science, Royal Society of Chemistry RSC Publishing, 125–169 (2016)
    DOI: 10.1039/9781782622529-00125

  • C. Kranz, B. Mizaikoff
    Microscopic Techniques for the Characterization of Gold Nanoparticles
    In: M. Valcárcel, Á.I. López-Lorente (Eds.), Gold Nanoparticles in Analytical Chemistry, Elsevier, 257–299 (2014)
    DOI: 10.1016/B978-0-444-63285-2.00006-7

  • C. Villinger, M. Schauflinger, H. Gregorius, C. Kranz, K. Höhn, S. Nafeey, P. Walther
    Three-Dimensional Imaging of Adherent Cells using FIB/SEM and STEM
    In: J. Kuo (Ed.), Electron Microscopy: Methods in Molecular Biology (Vol. 1117), Humana Press, 617–638 (2014)
    DOI: 10.1007/978-1-62703-776-1_27

  • J. Wiedemair, B. Mizaikoff, C. Kranz
    Combined Scanning Probe Techniques for In-Situ Electrochemical Imaging at a Nanoscale
    In: B. Bhushan, H. Fuchs, S. Kawata (Eds.), Applied Scanning Probe Methods V, Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg, 225–267 (2007)
    DOI: 10.1007/978-3-540-37316-2_8

  • A. Kueng, C. Kranz, A. Lugstein, E. Bertagnolli, B. Mizaikoff
    Nanoelectrodes integrated in atomic force microscopy cantilevers for imaging of in situ enzyme activity
    In: T. Vo-Dinh (Ed.), Protein Nanotechnology, Humana Press, 403–415 (2005)
    DOI: 10.1385/1-59259-858-7:403

  • C. Kranz, A. Kueng, B. Mizaikoff
    Scanning Micro- and Nanoprobes for Electrochemical Imaging
    In: H. Baltes, O. Brand, G.K. Fedder, C. Hierold, J.G. Korvink, O. Tabata (Eds.), Enabling technologies for MEMS and Nanodevices, Wiley-VCH, 237–287 (2004)
    DOI: 10.1002/9783527616701.ch7

  • C. Kranz, B. Mizaikoff, A. Lugstein, E. Bertagnolli
    Integrating an Ultramicroelectrode in an AFM Cantilever: Toward the Development of Combined Microsensing Imaging Tools
    In: M. Taillefert, T.F. Rozan (Eds.), Environmental Electrochemistry, American Chemical Society, 320–333 (2002)
    DOI: 10.1021/bk-2002-0811.ch017

  • K. Habermüller, C. Kranz, W. Schuhmann
    Wafer-kompatible Immobilisierung von biologischen Erkennungskomponenten
    In: G. Henze, J.M. Köhler, J.P. Lay (Eds.), Umweltdiagnostik mit Mikrosystemen, Wiley-VCH, 119–324 (1999)
    DOI: 10.1002/9783527610587.ch2


  • C. Kranz
    Combining Electrochemical Imaging with Scanning Probe Microscopy
    Conference Proceedings ELAC-2013, accepted (2013)

  • C. Kranz, B. Mizaikoff
    Multifunktionelle Rastersondenmikroskopie
    GIT Labor-Fachzeitschrift, 11 (2012)
    zum Artikel

  • C. Kranz, B. Mizaikoff
    Mikroskopie mit fokussierten Ionenstrahlen
    GIT Labor-Fachzeitschrift, 11 (2012)
    zum Artikel

  • L. Wang, J.-S. Moon, B. Mizaikoff, C. Kranz
    Toward a Combined SECM-IR-ATR System for the Investigation of Conductive Polymers
    ECS Transactions, 165–169 (2009)
    DOI: 10.1149/1.3118549

  • C. Weber, E. Gauda, E. Hecht, B. Mizaikoff, C. Kranz
    Amperometric Microbiosensors Based on PQQ-Dependent Glucose Dehydrogenase towards the Development of an ATP Biosensor for in vitro Analysis
    World Congress on Medical Physics and Biomedical Engineering, 25/8, 351–354 (2009)
    DOI: 10.1007/978-3-642-03887-7_101

  • J. Wiedemair, J.-S. Moon, D.E. Eaton, B. Mizaikoff, C. Kranz
    Combined AFM-SECM: Towards a novel platform for imaging microbiosensors
    World Congress on Medical Physics and Biomedical Engineering, 25/8, 372–375 (2009)
    DOI: 10.1007/978-3-642-03887-7_107

  • J.-F. Masson, C. Kranz, B. Mizaikoff, E.B. Gauda
    Amperometric Microbiosensors for Studying ATP at the Carotid Body
    Proceedings of IEEE Sensors, 744–747 (2007)
    DOI: 10.1109/ICSENS.2007.4388507

  • H. Shin, P.J. Hesketh, C. Kranz, D.A. Rudolph, B. Mizaikoff
    A Novel Approach for Batch Fabrication of Bifunctional AFM-SECM Probes
    Proceedings of ASME International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition - Microelectromechanical Systems, 383–387 (2005)
    DOI: 10.1115/IMECE2005-79424

  • C. Kranz, A. Kueng, B. Mizaikoff
    Amperometric biosensors and potentiometric pH-microsensors integrated into AFM tips
    Proceedings of IEEE Sensors, 1226–1227 (2004)
    DOI: 10.1109/ICSENS.2004.1426400

  • T.M. Patz, A. Doraiswamy, R. Narayan, N. Menegazzo, C. Kranz, B. Mizaikoff, R. Modi, D.B. Chrisey
    Matrix Assisted Pulsed Laser Evaporation of Poly (D, L) Lactic Acid Films
    MRS Proceedings, 845, AA5.8 (2004)
    DOI: 10.1557/PROC-845-AA5.8

  • T.M. Patz, A. Doraiswamy, R.J. Narayan, N. Menegazzo, C. Kranz, B. Mizakoff, Y. Zhong, R. Bellamkonda, R. Modi, D.B. Chrisey
    Matrix Assisted Pulsed Laser Evaporation of Dexamethasone Thin Films
    MRS Proceedings, 845, AA3.5 (2004)
    DOI: 10.1557/PROC-845-AA3.5

  • B. Mizaikoff, C. Kranz
    Interfacing Chemistry with Microdevices. Potential and Challenges of Chemical Microsensors
    IEE Proceedings - Advanced Semiconductor Devices and Microsystems, 307–316 (2002)
    DOI: 10.1109/ASDAM.2002.1088531

  • E. Heintz, C. Kranz, B. Mizaikoff, H.-S. Noh, P. Hesketh, A. Lugstein, E. Bertagnolli
    Characterization of parylene coated combined scanning probe tips for in-situ electrochemical and topographical imaging
    Proceedings of IEEE - Nanotechnology, 346–351 (2001)
    DOI: 10.1109/NANO.2001.966446

  • B. Mizaikoff, C. Kranz, L. Hvozdara, M. Janotta
    Current applications and new trends in mid-infrared sensor technology and integrated scanning probe sensors
    Proceedings of ISA/IEEE - Sensors for Industry, 208–213 (2001)
    DOI: 10.1109/SFICON.2001.968531