Seminar on Stochastic Geometry and its applications
Prof. Dr. Evgeny Spodarev
Prof. Dr. Volker Schmidt
There will be no seminar on the first Monday of the upcomming summer term (April, 13th). But there will be a short information meeting on the first monday of the upcomming summer term. If you should be interested in participating in the seminar, do not hesitate to come to my office (Room 141, Heho 18) on Monday, April 13th, between 02:15pm and 04:00pm.
In case you would like to participate in the seminar, do not hesitate to contact Alexander Nerlich.
Date and Place
Time: Monday, 02pm - 04pm, Place: Raum 2002, in O28
The audience is supposed to be familiar with basic probability and measure theory. Considering the list of talks one may assumes that knowledge about Ito-Integrals is a prerequisite for this seminar, but we would like to ensure the reader, that all knowledges on Ito Integrals will be taught during the seminar.
Bachelor and Master Students of any mathematical study course.
The "(B)" in the list of talks, means that this talk is supposed to be given by a Bachelor's Student, the (M) indicates that the talk is supposed to be given by a Master's Student and consequently (B/M) indicates that the the talk is supposed to be given by either a Bachelor's or a Master's Student.
The aim of this seminar is to give an introduction to stochastic differential
equations (SDEs) and its application. The seminar will be structured as
1. At first we will introduce Martingales and Brownian Motions.
2. Then we will give an introduction to the so called Ito Integral.
3. Then we will use this introduction to discuss SDEs.
4. Finally we will discuss some applications of SDEs.
Most, but not all, applications will be related to finance. The applications
related to finance will include for example markets, arbitrage and option
pricing. Hereby it is common to model markets by SDEs, which are based on
To get an imagination: Here is a possible trajectory of the (probably most
popular) Ito Integral.
(The picture shows the integral of the Browninan Motion integrated with respect to itself.)
A (not to finance related) application which we will obtain, will be the following
recurrence result about Brownian Motions:
Imagine there is somewhere in the 2-dimensional space a circle and a man
walks completely arbitrary on this plane. (This means he does one step in an
arbitrary direction and then he does another step in an arbitrary direction,
independent of the step he did before, and so on...) The question which
arises is: How high is the probability that the man hits the circle? From a
theoretical point of view (and under certain assumptions) one could model
this situation by saying that the movement of the man is the trajectory of a (2
dimensional) Brownian motion. And we will use this modeling approach to
show that the man will hit the circle with probability one. Furthermore we will
show that this probability is strictly less than one if one considers the same
scenario with a ball in three dimensions and a 3 dimensional Brownian
motion. (One can imagine the 3 dimensional brownian motion (under certain
assumptions) as a randomly moving bird.) In mathematics this result is
known under the following phrase: “A drunk man always finds his way home,
but a drunk bird can get lost forever.”
Criterias to pass the Seminar
Each student is supposed to give a talk and to attend the seminar on a regular basis. Those who give a (good) talk and attend the seminar regularely will pass the seminar.
List of Talks
20th of April: Bennet Ströh The Brownian Motion (B) Vortrag
27th of April: Stochastic Processes and Martingales (B) Vortrag
04th of May: The construction of the Ito Integral (B/M) Vortrag
11th of May: Some basic properties of the Ito Integral (B/M) Vortrag
18th of May: The Ito Formula, its proof and its applications (B/M) Vortrag
1st of June: The m-dimensional Ito Integral and the m-dimensional Ito Formula (M) Vortrag
8th of June: An introduction to SDEs with some examples (M) Vortrag
15th of June: The uniqueness of strong solutions (M) Vortrag
22nd of June: The Markov property (M) Vortrag
06th of July: A drunk man always finds his way home, but a drunk bird can get lost
13th of July: Markets, Portfolios and Arbitrage (M) Vortrag